Periodontics is a sub-field of dentistry that focuses on the supporting structures that support a person’s teeth including the gums and mouth bones. In recent years, this dental field has experienced tremendous attention, largely because of the widespread prevalence of periodontitis, a troubling oral health condition that many people simply know as gum disease.
Periodontitis occurs when an individual’s gums become swollen and irritated due to continuous exposure to the toxins that are found in plaque. The condition can be easily identified by swollen and slightly-darkened gums, and it is usually accompanied by a heavy buildup of plaque, tartar and bacteria between a person’s teeth. As the disorder progresses and spreads, the gums will start to pull away from the teeth, creating empty spaces that are called periodontal pockets. These areas can become filled with tartar, bacteria and plaque, thereby allowing the condition to spread throughout the mouth more easily. If the disorder is able to reach the jawbone and the connective tissues of teeth, it is very likely that tooth loss will soon follow.
At Oasis Family Dental, we understand the seriousness of gum disease. That is why we strongly urge any individual who is suffering from gum disease to seek help as early as possible. Our practice offers treatment methods that are designed to put a stop to gum disease and in many cases, repair damage that has been caused. By getting started quickly, you have the best chance of beating gum disease and restoring the appearance of your teeth and gums.
Scaling and Root Planing
Perhaps the most effective non-surgical treatment method for gum disease, scaling and root planing is designed to remove harmful buildups that have accumulated above and below the gum line, while also preventing future buildups from occurring. The process begins by using specialized tools to reach deep between the teeth, accessing spots that cannot normally be reached with usual brushing and flossing. This allows us to remove any plaque, tartar and toxins from these spaces. Once these areas are free of harmful materials, our experts will smooth out any rough spots on the root surfaces as a way of preventing future accumulations. Overall, this process is greatly successful in stopping periodontitis and allowing the gums to become healed.
When gum disease has already spread to the jawbone and caused damage, regenerative procedures can often be used to restore its health. These types of treatments generally consist of folding back the patient’s gum tissue and removing any unwanted buildups of bacteria and toxins. Next, artificial bone grafts and special proteins are added to reverse the damage and to encourage new bone growth. Over time, this should help to heal the jawbone.
If gum disease is allowed to reach the jawbone, it will most likely cause this important structure to experience decay and deterioration. In order to reverse this process, a bone grafting procedure may be used. This treatment involves using artificial bone-like material along with special proteins to regenerate the jawbone and encourage new bone growth and development. Over time, the jawbone should begin restoring itself. Many patients are provided with bone grafting procedures before dental implants are installed. By doing this, the strengthened jawbone will be able to provide a proper level of support for the new implants.
If you would like to learn more about the periodontal services offered at Oasis Family Dental, please call us at (201) 338-5138 to schedule an appointment.